Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Oracle Account Receivables FAQs

1. What is TCA? Tables?
A) Trading Community Architecture. It is a centralized repository of business entities such as Partners, Customers, and Organizations etc. It is a new framework developed in Oracle 11i.
HZ_PARTIES: The HZ_PARTIES table stores basic information about parties that can be shared with any relationship that the party might establish with another party. Although a record in the HZ_PARTIES table represents a unique party, multiple parties can have the same name. The parties can be one of four types:
Organization   for example, Oracle Corporation
Person            for example, Jane Doe
Group              for example, World Wide Web Consortium
Relationship    for example, Jane Doe at Oracle Corporation.

HZ_LOCATIONS: The HZ_LOCATIONS table stores information about a delivery or postal address such as building number, street address, postal code, and directions to a location. This table provides physical location information about parties (organizations and people) and customer accounts.

HZ_PARTY_SITES: The HZ_PARTY_SITES table links a party (see HZ_PARTIES) and a location (see HZ_LOCATIONS) and stores location-specific party information. One party can optionally have one or more party sites. One location can optionally be used by one or more parties. This party site can then be used for multiple customer accounts within the same party.
2. What are Base Tables or Interface Tables for Customer Conversions, Autolockbox, Auto Invoice?
A) Customer Conversion:
    Base Tables            : RA_CUSTOMERS, RA_ADDRESSES, RA_SITE_USES_ALL,
                                    RA_CUSTOMER_PROFILES_ALL, RA_PHONES etc
B) Auto Invoice:
C) AutoLockBox:
    Interim tables                     : AR_INTERIM_CASH_RECEIPTS_ALL (All  Populated by Submit Validation)
                                       AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL ( All Populated by post quick cash)
3. What are the tables in which Invoices/transactions information is stored?
A) RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_ALL, The RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_ALL table stores invoice, debit memo, commitment, bills receivable, and credit memo header information. Each row in this table includes general invoice information such as customer, transaction type, and printing instructions.

RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_LINES_ALL, The RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_LINES_ALL table stores information about invoice, debit memo, credit memo, bills receivable, and commitment lines (LINE, FREIGHT and TAX).

RA_CUST_TRX_LINE_SALESREPS_ALL, The RA_CUST_TRX_LINE_SALESREPS_ALL table stores sales credit assignments for invoice lines. If Receivables bases your invoice distributions on sales credits, a mapping exists between the sales credit assignments in this table with the RA_CUST_TRX_LINE_GL_DIST_ALL table.

The RA_CUST_TRX_LINE_GL_DIST_ALL table stores the accounting records for revenue, unearned revenue, and unbilled receivables for each invoice or credit memo line. Oracle Receivables creates one row for each accounting distribution, and at least one accounting distribution must exist for each invoice or credit memo line. Each row in this table includes the General Ledger account and the amount of the accounting entry.

The RA_CUST_TRX_LINE_SALESREPS_ALL table stores sales credit assignments for invoice lines. If Receivables bases your invoice distributions on sales credits, a mapping exists between the sales credit assignments in this table with the RA_CUST_TRX_LINE_GL_DIST_ALL table.
4. What are the tables In which Receipt information is stored?
AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL, The AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL table stores all transactions except adjustments and miscellaneous cash receipts. Oracle Receivables updates this table when activity occurs against an invoice, debit memo, chargeback, credit memo, on-account credit, or receipt.
Transaction classes determine if a transaction relates to either the RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_ALL table or the AR_CASH_RECEIPTS_ALL table. Using the CUSTOMER_TRX_ID foreign key column, the AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL table joins to the RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_ALL table for non-payment transaction entries, such as the creation of credit memos, debit memos, invoices, chargebacks, or deposits. Using the CASH_RECEIPT_ID foreign key column, the AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL table joins to the AR_CASH_RECEIPTS_ALL table for invoice-related payment transactions.

AR_CASH_RECEIPTS_ALL, The AR_CASH_RECEIPTS_ALL table stores one record for each receipt that you enter. Oracle Receivables concurrently creates records in the AR_CASH_RECEIPT_HISTORY_ALL, AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL, and AR_RECEIVABLE_APPLICATIONS_ALL tables for invoice-related receipts. For receipts that are not related to invoices, such as miscellaneous receipts, Receivables creates records in the AR_MISC_CASH_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL table instead of the AR_RECEIVABLE_APPLICATIONS_ALL table.

AR_RECEIVABLE_APPLICATIONS_ALL, The AR_CASH_RECEIPTS_ALL table stores one record for each receipt that you enter. Oracle Receivables concurrently creates records in the AR_CASH_RECEIPT_HISTORY_ALL, AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL, and AR_RECEIVABLE_APPLICATIONS_ALL tables for invoice-related receipts. For receipts that are not related to invoices, such as miscellaneous receipts, Receivables creates records in the AR_MISC_CASH_DISTRIBUTIONS_ALL table instead of the AR_RECEIVABLE_APPLICATIONS_ALL table. Cash receipts proceed through the confirmation, remittance, and clearance steps. Each step creates rows in the AR_CASH_RECEIPT_HISTORY table.
5. What are the tables in which Accounts information is stored?
6. What are the different statuses for Receipts?
A)  Unidentified – Lack of Customer Information
      Unapplied – Lack of Transaction/Invoice specific information (Ex- Invoice Number)
      Applied – When all the required information is provided.
      On-Account, Non-Sufficient Funds, Stop Payment, and Reversed receipt.
7. What Customization that you have done for Autolockbox?

8. What is Autolockbox?
A) Auto lockbox is a service that commercial banks offer corporate customers to enable them to out source their account receivable payment processing. Auto lockbox can also be used to transfer receivables from previous accounting systems into current receivables. It eliminates manual data entry by automatically processing receipts that are sent directly to banks. It involves three steps
  • Import (Formats data from bank file and populates the Interface Table),
  • Validation(Validates the data and then Populates data into Interim Tables),
  • Post Quick Cash(Applies Receipts and updates Balances in BaseTables).
9. What is Transmission Format?
A) Transmission Format specifies how data in the lockbox bank file should be organized such that it can be successfully imported into receivables interface tables. Example, Default, Convert, Cross Currency, Zengen are some of the standard formats provided by oracle.
10. What is Auto Invoice?
A) Autoinvoice is a tool used to import and validate transaction data from other financial systems and create invoices, debit-memos, credit memos, and on account credits in Oracle receivables. Using Custom Feeder programs transaction data is imported into the autoinvoice interface tables.
Autoinvoice interface program then selects data from interface tables and creates transactions in receivables (Populates receivable base tables) . Transactions with invalid information are rejected by receivables and are stored in RA_INTERFACE_ERRORS_ALL interface table.
11. What are the Mandatory Interface Tables in Auto Invoice?
12. What are the Set up required for Custom Conversion, Autolockbox and Auto Invoice?
A) Autoinvoice program Needs AutoAccounting to be defined prior to its execution.
13. What is AutoAccounting?
A) By defining AutoAccounting we specify how the receivables should determine the general ledger accounts for transactions manually entered or imported using Autoinvoice. Receivables automatically creates default accounts(Accounting Flex field values) for revenue, tax, freight, financial charge, unbilled receivable, and unearned revenue accounts using the AutoAccounting information.
14. What are Autocash rules?
A) Autocash rules are used to determine how to apply the receipts to the customers outstanding debit items. Autocash Rule Sets are used to determine the sequence of Autocash rules that Post Quickcash uses to update the customers account balances.
15. What are Grouping Rules? (Used by Autoinvoice)
A) Grouping rules specify the attributes that must be identical for lines to appear on the same transaction. After the grouping rules are defined autoinvoice uses them to group revenues and credit transactions into invoices debit memos, and credit memos.
16. What are Line Ordering Rules? (Used by Autoinvoice)
A) Line ordering rules are used to order transaction lines when grouping the transactions into invoices, debit memos and credit memos by autoinvoice program. For instance if transactions are being imported from oracle order management , and an invoice line ordering rule for sales_order _line is created then the invoice lists the lines in the same order of lines in sales order.
17. In which table you can see the amount due of a customer?
18. How do you tie Credit Memo to the Invoice?
At table level, In RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_ALL, If you entered a credit memo, the PREVIOUS_CUSTOMER_TRX_ID column stores the customer transaction ID of the invoice that you credited. In the case of on-account credits, which are not related to any invoice when the credits are created, the PREVIOUS_CUSTOMER_TRX_ID column is null.

19. What are the available Key Flex Fields in Oracle Receivables?
A) Sales Tax Location Flex field, It’s used for sales tax calculations.
Territory Flex field is used for capturing address information.
20. What are Transaction types? Types of Transactions in AR?
A) Transaction types are used to define accounting for different transactions such as Debit Memo, Credit Memo, On-Account Credits, Charge Backs, Commitments and invoices.
21. What is AutoAssociating?

22. What are the issues you faced in AutoInvoice and Autolockbox?
1. How many Address's can have one Customer?
Primary Address, Bill – To – Address, Ship – To – Address
2. Customer Number Always Automatic / Manual?
Any thing Either Manual or Automatic
3. What are the Mandatory Address's you should create a Customer for Communicate him?
Remit – To – Address
4. Can U Merge the Customers? If How?
Using the Merging Customer Window
5. What is Accounting Rules?
It is For Generating Revenue Recognition Programs like Monthly, Quarterly
6. What is Invoicing Rules?
The Invoicing Rules Helps you when you receive data from Outside systems like Auto Invoices how the data should insert and It contains 2 rules Advance Invoice, Arrears Invoice.
7. Where should the customers send the payments of Invoices?
Remittance Banks or Vendor Places
8. What is the Transaction Type?
It describes us Whether you want transfer the Receivables data into General Ledger or not. And also when ever you create an invoice what are the accounts should be effected and also the sign of Transaction also.
9. What is a Transaction Source?
It is For Invoice or Invoice Batch numbers whether automatically or manually
10. How many Transactions we have?
Six, Credit Transactions: Invoice: Debit Memo: Charge back: Guarantee: Deposit
11. How can i reduce the Invoice amount?
Using with Credit Transactions
12. What are the Accounts to be use in Transaction Types (Few)?
Revenue, Receivables, Freight, Tax, Clearing, Unearned, Unbilled
13. How can i Assign a Deposit amount to an Invoice?
In the Invoice Window "Commitment" Region
14. What is the Guarantee?
It is agreement between both sides for goods or services in the future , specific range of periods
15. Give the Navigation for Credit Transactions?
Transactions/Credit Transactions
16. How many ways you can apply the Receipt Amount?
Application: Mass Apply
17. How will you know a Customer Balance Amount?
Using with the Customer Account Overview window
18. Can U Define Customer Agreements using with AR?
No, In the Oracle Order Entry Module
19. What are Aging Buckets?
It is for Outstanding Reports purpose the no of days in various ranges
20. How will U View the Outstanding Balance of a Customer?
Generating the Aging Buckets Report

 What kind of transactions can be created using AutoInvoice?
A: Invoices, credit memos, debit memos, and on–account credits can be imported using AutoInvoice.

Q: What are the underlying tables and validations required during AutoInvoice Interface?
A: Interface tables: RA_INTERFACE_LINES_ALL Base tables: RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_ALL RA_BATCHES RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_LINES_ALL AR_PAYMENT_SCHEDULES_ALL RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_LINE_SALESREPS RA_CUST_TRX_GL_DIST_ALL AR_RECEIVABLES_APPLICATIONS AR_ADJUSTMENTS RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_TYPES_ALL Concurrent Program: Auto invoice master program Validations: check for amount, batch source name, conversion rate, conversion type. Validate orig_system_bill_customer_id, orig_system_bill_address_id, quantity. Validate if the amount includes tax flag.

Q: Explain the different steps in implementing Autolockbox.
A: Import, Validate, Post Quick Cash

Q: What are the different Invoice matching types?
A: 2-way matching: 2-way matching verifies that Purchase order and invoice quantities must match within your tolerances 3-way matching: 3-way matching verifies that the receipt and invoice information match with the quantity tolerances 4-way matching: 4-way matching verifies that acceptance documents and invoice information match within the quantity tolerances

Q: What are the different Transaction types in AR?
A: Invoice, Credit Memo, Debit Memo,Charge back, commitments

Q: Tell me about TCA?
A: TCA canbe used to import or modify Customers related data.

Q: Name some Flexfields in AR.
A: Sales Tax Location, Territory

Q: Explain the steps involved in Transfer to GL from AR.
A: Transfer the transactions to GL_Interface Import the Journals Post the Journals

Q: What is the db number of a particular cusotmer TCA?
A: It is a unique number used to identify the Customers.

Q: Where can you find the Customer payment terms?
A: In the table hz_customer_profiles

Q: What is the link between OM and AR?
A: To relate the Order Number (ONT) to the Invoice (AR) we use the LINE TRANSACTION FLEX FIELDS. In RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_ALL, INTERFACE_HEADER_ATTRIBUTE1 to INTERFACE_HEADER_ATTRIBUTE15 store this Information that uniquely identifies the Sales Order (HEADER INFO). In RA_CUSTOMER_TRX_LINES_ALL, INTERFACE_LINE_ATTRIBUTE1 to INTERFACE_LINE_ATTRIBUTE15 store this Information that uniquely identifies the Sales Order.(LINE INFO)

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